Meeting RSC Chairman: Dr Oladimeji Adebayo

Dr Oladimeji Adebayo

Dr Oladimeji Adebayo is a Senior Registrar(Cardiology) in the Department of Medicine
University College Hospital, Ibadan. He is passionate about unravelling insight into research issues. He had his degree in Medicine & Surgery at the University of Ilorin, Ilorin. He also has a Masters in Health Planning & Management and has completed a Master of science in Medicine in addition to a Postgraduate Diploma in Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine.

He is also an alumnus of Leadership and Management in Health and Global Health Project Management courses at the University of Washington. He is a fellow of the International Society of Cardiovascular Disease Epidemiology and Prevention(ISCEP) Fellow 2018(, H3 Africa Fellow Consortium meeting September 2018, and Merck Scholar 2020/2021 cohort. He was a past General Secretary, Association of Resident Doctors, UCH, 2016/17 executive year.

He is the pioneer Chairman, Research & Statistics Committee, Nigerian Association of Resident Doctors(NARD(2018-till date). He was appointed to lead the new committee in 2018, and the committee engineered the first and national trainee lead Research Collaboration Network( among Early Career Doctors in Nigeria. The group, since its inception, have executed two large scale national studies on early-career doctors; CHARTING I & II study, in addition to a national study on the evaluation of the level of implementation of compulsory treatment and care for a victim of gunshot act, 2017 among health workers and police in Nigeria. He is an associate member of the Nigerian Institute of Management.

He is on the editorial boards of refereed journals such as Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine, indexed on PubMed and AJOL(Board Secretary/Editor; 2016- till date), and Nigerian Journal of Medicine(Associate Editor;2019-till date).

Publicly available profiles
Google Scholar ID:

Researchgate ID:

My Research Mentor: Dr Aminah Makarfi Umar

by Mohammed-Nasir Ramat Olufunmi

Campbell & Campbell (1997) refer to mentoring as when a more experienced person provides information, support, and guidance to a less experienced person. Similarly, Maack and Passet (1994) describe a mentor as someone assisting junior staff members who are struggling with their first positions as post-doctoral academics, still trying to manage their careers, learning how to write and publish and how to prepare for tenure within higher education.

The Research Mentor is an essential key to a successful trainee experience. The Research Mentor must take an active role by working closely with the trainee to clearly define an appropriate research project and a robust career development plan, providing guidance, training and support, and serving as a role model for the trainee.

My Research mentor: Dr Aminah Makarfi Umar, a Consultant in Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital. She is a researcher and among the infectious disease team of Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria. My Research Mentor had been my teacher since day one of residency training as she is always concerned about my training, my well being and my personal life that may impede my training and research. Her impacts on my research path.

Dr Aminah Makarfi Umar

« She encourages my inventiveness, including the identification of new research topics and discovery of new techniques.
« She helped me develop my capacity for logical reasoning and my ability to draw logical references from observation.
« She is instrumental in building my professional network
« Guidance on the full range of career options
« Show me how to do original research
« Taken steps to develop my planning and organization, communication, teaching and team leadership skills.
« Encourages and creates opportunities for me to become familiar with researchers from other institution.

Misoprostol, Magnesium Sulphate and Anti-shock garment: A knowledge, availability and utilization study at the Primary Health Care Level in Northern Nigeria

I considered her a great research mentors because she keeps in touch with my progress, takes into account gender, ethnic and cultural issues, takes a respectful attitude toward my interests and work, and she provides feedback in a timely fashion.

Campbell, T. A., & Campbell, D. E. (1997). Faulty/student mentor program: effects on academic performance and retention. Research in Higher Education, 38 (6), 727-742. Chan, D. (2000).
Maack, M. N., & Passet, J. (1994). Aspirations & Mentoring In An Academic Environment: Women Faculty In Library And Information Science. Westpost, Greenwood Press.

Dr. Mohammed-Nasir Ramat Olufunmi is a Registrar in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria. She is part of the third Cohort of Research Collaboration Network.

Blog Editor: Oladimeji Adebayo

Technology options for Training/ Learning among Residents during Covid-19 Pandemic

by Abimbola Amoo

Coronavirus diseases 2019 (COVID-19) is infectious diseases caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome- 2 (SAR –COV-2), which has been spreading at pandemic proportion and has collapsed the education system across the globe.1 This highly infectious disease mainly spread during large gathering or close contact sessions, leading to death. The COVID- 19 pandemics made every human activity from our daily social rituals to economic devastation.1,2 The residency or clinical training across the world has been disrupted during the COVID- 19 pandemic lockdown period.2

There are so many containment measures to counter the effect of the COVID-19 at the various institution level, including discouraging mass gathering people for lecture or training, reducing physical contact with another person, physical distancing, and lockdown of the cities.3 Lockdown is a protocol implemented by the appropriate authorities to restrict the movement of people from their home, leading to mass quarantines.3 As the pandemic lockdown duration increases, informal and non-formal training is also tremendously affected.3,4 However, there has been a movement towards virtue online meeting/ training due to an indefinitely shutting down of some college of health and suspension of physical seminar presentations.4 Therefore, online clinical training/ seminar became a pedagogical shift from workshops to webinars, from standard physical clinical residency training to zoom, from physical presentation training to virtual.4

Pre-COVID-19 era, online training and distance learning were regards as non-formal education; these are gradually replacing the formal residency training as the pandemic periods persist.4,5 These are some of the most used online technology communication platforms that are changing method of residency training system globally, including Zoom, Google Meeting, Future learn, Google classroom, Code academy, Wevideo, Examus, Coursera, ClassDojo, Adobe Captivate, Classtime, Claswize, Neo, Articulate 360, Edmodo, Blackboard Learn, Docebo, Buncee, Bakpax, Edmodo, Elucidat, Feedback fruit, Flipgrid, flop, Gynzy, GoGuardian, Kami, G suite, Kialo edu, Hapara, Edx,, Ted-Ed, Pronto, Skillshare, Parlay, Udemy, WizIQ, Seesaw, Plurasight, Out, Lectura Inspire e.t.c.6

In Nigeria, Zoom and Webinar are more relevant in clinical residency seminar and training as the current protocol by authorities is to discourage large gardening, embrace physical distance, and lockdown within the community hence encourage digital on training lockdown.7


  1. Olatunde Olayanju, Olabisi Bamidele, Fabian Edem, Bola Eseile, Abimbola Amoo et al. SARS-CoV-2 Seropositivity in Asymptomatic Frontline Health Workers in Ibadan, Nigeria. The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 2021: 1(104); 91-94. DOI:, K. (2020). Coronavirus resources: Teaching, learning and thinking critically April 20. The New York Times Retrieved from file:///D:/COVID/Coronavirus%20Resources%20Teaching,%20Learning%20and% 20Thinking%20Critically%20-%20The%20New%20York%20Times.html
  2. Ayowole Damilola, Ogbonna Vivian, Amoo Abimbola, Babarinde Tosin et al. COVID-19 at the community level: What are the countermeasures? NJM. 2020. 3(29); 362-368. DOI: 10.4103/NJM.NJM_109_20
  3. Martinez, J. (2020). Take this pandemic moment to improve education. EduSource. Retrieved from
  4. Bozkurt, Aras (2020). A global outlook to the interruption of education due to COVID-19 pandemic: Navigating in a time of uncertainty and crisis. Asian Journal of Distance Education, 1-126.
  5. FutureLeaarn. (March 19, (2020)). COVID-19: The best resources for online teaching during coronavirus. Retrieved from file:///D:/COVID/COVID19%20The%20Best%20Resources%20For%20Online%20Teaching%20During%20 Coronavirus%20-%20Blog%20-%20FutureLearn.html

Dr Abimbola Amoo is a Senior Registrar in the Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology at the University College Hospital, Ibadan. He is an active member of Research Collaboration Network(RCN), Cohort I. His google scholar profile is available  at

Blog Editor: Oladimeji Adebayo

My research experience

by Emmanuel Bola Jonah Kelvin

My research experience can best be described as a tough sweet experience. The research experience I intend to share with you has to do with my MPH thesis at the Ahmadu Bello University (ABU) Zaria.

My experience while searching and choosing a research topic: At this stage, I went through a lot; first, each class members were asked to submit four topics to our supervisors, from which one will be selected. I had recently secured a job appointment with a state government; when we were owed a backlog of salary arrears, so to me, the cost of the research work was most important, and I had to chose a topic that will be cost-effective for me. Then I knew I had to figure out my area of interest in public health. It was pertinent to examine which study area will be relevant and needed in my study area, and finally, I had to be sure that such study had not been carried out before and that it was going to be useful. I also considered the methodology and the analytical demand of the study, so I thought deep and choose four topics, two from occupational health hazards and another two from reproductive health. After one week, I got a reply from my supervisor, and I had to work on occupational health hazards.

Writing of proposal: The task of writing a proposal is best described as learning on the job. No matter the number of research work in the past, every proposal writing seems to be a new experience. In this case, I made my first attempt drafting one, expecting so many corrections as presumed. I scaled through this huddle after four attempts.

The introduction and the literature review: From my experience, the backbone of the introduction and literature review is my proposal. Having a good proposal paves the way for a good chapter one and two. At this juncture, the Mendeley reference manager application helped me a lot in my literature review. I recommend it to whosoever is interested in using it, aside from using other platforms to get materials. In this work, I got all my materials online.

The methodology: The study was on the knowledge and practice of health workers on the prevention of occupational health hazards in the Kogi State Specialist Hospital Lokoja. It was a descriptive cross-sectional study; the questionnaire used was a structured closed-ended one, utilizing the Likert scale in most of the options. My sample size was about 230 HCW distributed among doctors, nurses, laboratory scientist and hospital attendants. To make my work easier, I pre-tested my questionnaire at the Federal Medical Centre, Lokoja, alongside my research assistants. I also had a consent form as the first page attached to the questionnaire with the pledge of confidentiality and all, and from my experience, I noticed that the consent taking was vital to the acceptance of my questionnaire, and it gave my study a professional touch. I had also learnt the SPSS in class with the hope of doing my work myself, but as time goes by, I had to consult an expert to complement my efforts.

My Result: My findings were mind-blowing; they were indeed an eye-opener; I found some significant suboptimal knowledge and practice required for the prevention of occupational health hazards, even among professionals like doctors and among other HCW in the study. After my findings, I had believed that there is absolutely no room for assumption in the field of sciences and that research, when correctly done, remains the key to ascertain the uncertainties.

My reports: I have documented the summary of my findings, conclusion, and recommendation to be utilized by the management of the Kogi State Specialist Hospital and the Kogi State government at large.

Duration of the research: After successfully completing my course work, this research took about two years to be completed, no thanks to the Academic Staff Union of Universities(ASUU) strikes, the Covid-19 pandemic and the security challenges in the country. It could have been longer, but I was lucky to have an internet compliance supervisor who was instrumental in the completion within this time frame. I had to minimize travelling for security reasons along Abuja-Kaduna road and the Kaduna-Zaria road.

In conclusion: Every research brings its own experience, be bold to ask question scientifically through proper research, and you will be surprised at your findings.

I have had a couple of research works in the past, individually, in a group, with some non-governmental organization(NGO)’s, and currently, with the Government; all the experiences are different, but they are all worth it.

Dr Emmanuel Bola Jonah Kelvin works at the Kogi State Specialist Hospital Lokoja, Kogi State. He did his MPH at ABU, Zaria between 2016/2017 academic session to 2020/2021 academic session. He is part of the thrd cohort of Research Collaboration Network.

Blog Editor: Oladimeji Adebayo

Benefits of Early Career Doctors Research Collaboration

by Dabota Yvonne Buowari

“Together, everyone achieves much.”

Collaboration is an essential ingredient in every aspect of life, including research. Research collaboration may be formal or informal depending on the setting, inter or professional, and within people of the same profession and speciality. Even with a research collaboration, other collaborations within the initial collaborations may occur with better opportunities.

The Research Collaboration Network of the Nigerian Association of Resident Doctors has led to professional relationships, networking and collaborations. The research collaboration has caused other chapters of the Nigerian Association of Resident doctors to establish their local trainee led research collaboration network. For instance, the Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital Association of Resident Doctors has established its research collaboration network with some collaboration with the national group.

The research collaboration network of early career doctors prepares them for academic medicine as it spurs and sparks other early career doctors’ interest by encouraging them to be involved in research. In the future, early-career doctors in Nigeria will be authors of articles published in the high impact peer-review journal before they become consultants. Some may even be authors of high-quality books and monographs. Some organisations, especially international health organisations, require that a prospective employee be an author of some articles; this forum serves as a stepping stone.

It is also necessary for early career doctors who wish to pursue a career in academics, members of the research collaboration at the time of employment as lecturers in universities will be at an upper advantage than their counterparts because due to the number of articles they have authored, promotion to becoming professors will take a shorter time. The research collaboration network in future may also be involved in international collaboration with other early career doctors and junior doctors from other countries and other parts of the world. The network also prepares its collaborators to be leaders of other research collaboration in future as there are several challenges associated with research collaboration, such as group dynamics and conflict with authorship.

In future, I also foresee the network authoring monographs and books on research collaboration which may be of international guidelines that will be adopted by other chapters of the association of resident doctors on how to start and coordinate a research network.

Dr Dabota Yvonne Buowari is a Medical Officer with the Department of Accident and Emergency, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Nigeria. She is the Co-Chairperson of Research &Statistics Committee of NARD(2020/21) She is an active member of RCN since she joined as part of the first cohort.

Blog Editor: Oladimeji Adebayo

My Research Interest

by Ayooluwa Esther Imisi Olasupo

Effortlessly, I spewed with enthusiasm my passion for paediatrics to anyone who inquired about my area of interest in the medical profession. This was evidenced by the fascination I often experienced while reading and rotating through paediatrics postings in school and during internship.

Candidly, such fascination, I found rare amidst colleagues who considered child health a no-go-area for reasons though not occult yet not apparent enough to displace my passion. Also, I found ease passing paediatrics exams, being my second highest MBBS exam grade. Moreso, many of my mentors, are paediatricians at various levels of their careers, who contribute immensely to fueling my passion further.

I, however, realised there are more to child health than good grade and fascination, more lands to plough as an Early Career Researcher who longs to convert passion into possibilities. Therefore, I began to explore my research interest in paediatrics. It was then that I observed the role of social factors in child health.

I, however, realised more to child health than good grade and fascination, more lands to plough as an Early Career Researcher who longs to convert passion into possibilities.

Once, I watched a 9-year-old boy weep in an ignoramus manner by the side of his dead mother, who had just slumped at the height of a clash with her husband. My feet, stuck to the hospital floor, chills undulating within my hair follicles, I bled internally, wondering how such trauma could distort on a long-term basis the psychological state of the poor boy, whom I drew to myself, placating.

Another 6yr old boy suffered from nephrotic syndrome and malnutrition from poor parental care; his father, a street alcoholic, and mother separated from the father, with the future of this child dangling, begging for resuscitation in the incapacitated hands of a foster mother who couldn’t feed herself let alone procure drugs or afford good diet for him.

I bled internally, wondering how such trauma could distort on a long-term basis the psychological state of the poor boy, whom I drew to myself, placating.

I remember on a number of occasions, how I organised my colleagues to contribute money for him, and this became the motivation for my creation of a child welfare club, in which we visited him with foods and funds frequently at his foster mother’s house, situated in an area only higher in the hierarchy than a hamlet. Today, this club morphs into a child Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO).

Studies reveal that about 8% of children suffer neuropsychological sequelae from tetanus and meningitis. About 63% of these are from low socio-economic status who had partial or no immunisation, whose mothers had no formal education, who presented at prayer houses rather than at the hospital at onset of symptoms, or who had no money to afford optimal care while on in-hospital admission.
With these, aren’t there much work to contribute positively to socio-economic factors affecting children’s health?

Thus, I find myself flipping the pages of paediatric health news/journals, local and international, from time to time, seeking ongoing researches in social paediatrics for updates. I believe with my quota, too, as I begin my research journey as a starter, intensively and proficiently, solutions will be proffered to better the health of children, especially from low socio-economic backgrounds.

Dr Ayooluwa Esther Imisi Olasupo

Ayooluwa Esther Imisi Olasupo is an Early Career Doctor with prospects in social paediatrics, neonatology and paediatrics neurology. She’s an affiliate member of the World Alliance for Breastfeeding Agency (WABA); a member of NARD Research Collaboration Network, Third cohort, who holds a certificate in Essentials of Global Health from Yale University. She’s the Executive Director of Fragrant Stars, a N.G.O. concerned with total child health. Currently a house officer at UNIOSUN Teaching Hospital, Osogbo, Osun State. She serves as the Young Doctors Forum(YDF) Coordinator for Medical Women Association of Nigeria(MWAN) in Osun State. She also has a knack for poetry, speech writing, public speaking, medical journalism and creative non-fiction and she’s currently the secretary, ARD Editorial Committee at Uniosun Teaching Hospital.

Blog Editor: Oladimeji Adebayo

The Challenges of Research Project: My Personal Experience

by Aisha Jamila Ahmad

Research was something that just the mention of it sent shivers down my spine. I feared having any contact with it and thought it was the exclusive reserve of very senior and accomplished academics and researchers. When I learnt that doing individual research project in our final year of medical school was a prerequisite to graduation, I was scared and sad. I could not imagine the amount of challenges to surmount to accomplish this task. I was hoping it would be changed to a group instead of individual research, which never happened. So, I had to settle and face my fate.

Research was something that just the mention of it sent shivers down my spine.

That was my first involvement in research of any kind. My supervisor played a pivotal role in making it not too difficult as I thought. He first mentored us on the processes of research and was involved in guiding us in a step by step approach until the completion of the research project. I was marked high in the project and was happy to have ‘escaped’ from doing research.
However, within the first two months of my commencement of residency training, I was fortunate to attend a seminar on research titled: “Putting pen to paper” organized by the Association of Resident Doctors, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital Zaria. This was an eye-opener for me as I learnt that I was not alone with this phobia, the importance of research and ways to overcome the fear. There were also some practical sessions. This seminar eradicated the phobia of research in me, and I started nursing the ambition to be engaged in research as a process of growing in my career rather than a compulsory requirement for study. Developing a critical and enquiring mind on day to day observations and penning such that through research now became my new found motivation.

This was an eye-opener for me as I learnt that I was not alone with this phobia, the importance of research and ways to overcome the fear.

I was fortunate that the newly acquired motivation was translated into action. My turning point was when I was involved in a multi-centre study on resident doctors in Northwestern Nigeria, where I was actively mentored by senior colleagues and was involved in the data collection and part of the analysis. Three papers were produced from this study and have been published in reputable journals. The experience boosted my confidence, and the publications made me want to be more involved in researches in the future. Hence, I gladly took up the opportunity to be part of the third cohort of the Research and Collaborative Network (RCN) of the Nigerian Association of Resident Doctors (NARD).
I look forward to having at least ten (10) publications before the completion of my residency training.

I look forward to having at least ten (10) publications before the completion of my residency training.

In summary, an early career doctor’s main challenge in engaging in research is the absence of appropriate mentorship in research. Many realize this ugly reality at the time of writing the compulsory dissertation when the motivation is less about solving a scientific problem but more about fulfilling a compulsory requirement.

Dr. Aisha Jamila Ahmad, is a Registrar at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology,
Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital Zaria. She joined RCN, NARD as part of the third cohort.

Blog Editor: Oladimeji Adebayo

Challenges of the research project

by Folahan Ibukun

Engaging in research projects can be an exciting venture from conceptualisation of a research idea to the production of the manuscript. The research process, however, is often marred by various challenges. While some of these are peculiar to the type of research such as missing data in retrospective studies and participant drop-out in prospective studies, others are common to most types of research. The following are some problems that may arise in the course of research and some strategies for overcoming them.

Conceptualization and planning

The initial challenge is often conceptualizing a research-worthy problem and formulating a topic. It is pertinent that a research question fills a research gap by providing new knowledge or contributing to the existing body of knowledge. A poor understanding of the research process may lead to the adoption of an inappropriate or inadequate methodology in answering the research question, and consequently, unreliable results and research outcomes.

It is helpful to set SMART (Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Reproducible, Time-bound) objectives at the stage of conceptualization and planning. All aspects of the research process have to be considered, and possible challenges identified while designing a research proposal to ensure a hitch-free experience. It is also important to keep up-to-date with current research trends through courses that may be offered by institutions or easily assessed on online platforms such as Coursera, FutureLearn.

Execution and Time management

Inadequate planning may pose a challenge during the execution of the research. This may make the research work laborious and discouraging. Developing a flow chart of events will help the researcher organise activities to take place during the execution of the project. Managing time during research is crucial. To prevent projects from taking up more than the allotted time, a timeline of all activities to be carried out should be prepared e.g a Gantt chart. This will help to keep the research project on schedule.


The absence of appropriate mentorship may make research more difficult. Mentors are often more experienced researchers in the field of interest. Mentorship is based on mutual respect and professionalism. A mentor provides sound advice on many aspects of the research process including conceptualization, design, funding, and can properly guide the mentee to achieve desired goals. The mentee often gives a fresh perspective on issues, with opportunities for collaboration making the relationship a mutually beneficial one. A good researcher should therefore seek appropriate mentorship to maximize this resource.


Funding can pose a major challenge to a research project. Funds may be needed for planning, purchase of equipment, and other administrative purposes. It is important to make a budget during the proposal stage to estimate the required funds. The project may be modified at this stage based on available funds. Alternative sources of funding may also be explored such as research grants.

While the above points are by no means exhaustive, they can be invaluable in improving the quality of research work and efficiency of the research process.

Dr Folahan Ibukun is a Senior Registrar in Department of Ophthalmology at the University College Hospital, Ibadan. She is an active member of Research Collaboration Network of NARD. She is part of the Third Cohort of the Network.

Blog Editor: Oladimeji Adebayo

Meeting RSC Member: Dr Dabota Yvonne Buowari

Dr Dabota Yvonne Buowari is a Medical Officer at the Accident and Emergency Department of the University of Port Harcourt teaching hospital, Port Harcourt. In 2020, she was a member of the Legal and Legislative Committee, Nigerian Association of Resident Doctors (NARD)(2019/20).

She is the Vice-Chair of the Work-Life Balance Special Interest Group, a group Medical Women’s International Association.(MWIA). She is also the Secretary of the Continuous Medical Education and Violence against women and girls committees of the Rivers State branch of the Medical Women’s Association of Nigeria.

She has been an active member of the Research Collaboration Network (RCN) haven joined as part of the first cohort. She is the current co-chairperson, Research & Statistics Committee of NARD(2020/21). She is also a member of the national research team of the Medical Women’s Association of Nigeria and a co-lead of the ethics paper writing project of the Junior Doctors Network. Dabota was a co-moderator for the Covid-19 session during the Junior Doctors Network virtual conference in 2020.

She also contributed to the video clip of the Global Surgery Working Group of the Junior Doctors Network
She has authored some books about her home town and an article published in Festivals and Tours Africa magazine titled; The Cloth Known as George Wrapper; a cloth cherished in southern Nigeria. Her poem; Safe Surgery Saves Lives; took the third position in the Lifebox poetry contest. Besides being a doctor, she is also an author, historian and poet.

Some of the poems she has authored about the COVID-19 pandemic are:
-My facemask
-Is this what medicine is all about?
-The emergency physician, my COVID-19 hero
-COVID-19 heroines
-The city is quiet

Dr Dabota Yvonne Buowari