Meeting RSC member: Dr Oluwatoba Osasona

Dr Oluwatoba Osasona MBBS, MWACP

Dr Oluwatoba Osasona is a Senior Registrar in Internal Medicine (Gastroenterology/Hepatology). He has a keen interest in research and an insatiable appetite for the pursuit of knowledge. He is a past General Secretary of Association of Resident Doctors, Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado-Ekiti and a member of several committees. He has been part of a few research projects and was a collaborator in the HALT-IT trial ( http://haltit.lshtm.ac.uk/index.php/collaborators/africa/nigeria/ekiti-state-university-teaching-hospital/). He has co-authored two scientific articles. His research interest includes gastroenterology, hepatology, genomic medicine and eHealth.

Previous Publications

  • Adeoti, A.O., Osasona, O.E., Olaoye, O.B. and Desalu, O.O.,2016. Samter’s Triad: Rare or Under-Diagnosed?.
  • Fadare, J.O., Obimakinde, A.M., Aina, F.O., Araromi, E.J., Adegbuyi, T.A., Osasona, O.E. and Agbesanwa, T.A., 2021. Anti-Cholinergic Drug Burden Among Ambulatory Elderly Patients in a Nigerian Tertiary Healthcare Facility. Frontiers in Pharmacology, 12, p.2.

Meeting RSC Member: Dr Wasinda Francis Umar

Dr Wasinda Francis Umar. MBBS, MWACP

He is currently a Senior Registrar at the Department Of Internal Medicine, Federal Medical Centre Kastina.
He was the pioneer secretary of the Research Statistics Committee (RSC) of the Nigerian Association of Resident Doctors(NARD) 2018/2019. He is currently a member of the committee.
He has co-authored four scholastic articles.
He has passion for knowledge and giving back to humanity.
His core research interests are General Medicine, Nephrology and Public health.

Some of his co-authored articles under RCN

Adebayo, O., Oluwaseyi, O., Olaopa, O., Kpuduwei, S., Oluwafemi, E., Omotayo, F. F., Aigbomian, E., Ibiyo, M., Buowari, D. Y. & Wasinda, U. F. 2019. Trainees collaboratively investigating early career doctors’ themes: A NARD initiative in Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Medicine, 28, 93-97.

Adebayo, O., Kanmodi, K., Olaopa, O., Fagbule, O. F., Adufe, I., Adebayo, A. M., Oduyemi, I., Amoo, A., Omololu, A., Igbokwe, M., Babalola, R., Oiwoh, S. O., Grillo, E., Buowari, D. Y., Egbuchulem, I., Umar, W. Ogunsuji, O. & Ibrahim, Y. A. 2020. Strategies for mitigating burnout among early career doctors in Nigeria: lessons learnt from the qualitative CHARTING study. Global Psychiatry.


Igbokwe, M., Adebayo, O., Ogunsuji, O., Popoola, G., Babalola, R., Oiwoh, S. O., Makinde, A. M., Adeniyi, A. M., Kanmodi, K., Umar, W F., Omololu, A., Oduyemi, I., Ibrahim, Y. A. & Sokomba, A. 2021. An exploration of profile, perceptions, barriers, and predictors of research engagement among resident doctors: a report from CHARTING study. Perspective of Clinical Research.

Meeting RSC Member: Dr Yahya Abdulmajid Ibrahim

Dr Yahya Abdulmajid Ibrahim

Dr Yahya Abdulmajid Ibrahim is a registrar in the department of Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT), Head and Neck Surgery, University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital (UMTH), Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria. He graduated from the University of Jos in 2015, after which he proceeded for housemanship at Federal Teaching Hospital Gombe and have worked in the same hospital as a Medical Officer in the Department of ENT, Head and Neck Surgery for more than three years before joining UMTH in September 2019, as a resident doctor in the same specialty.

He served as the Public Relations Officer (PRO) of the Nigerian Medical Association (NMA), Gombe State Chapter (2018- 2019), and presently the Financial Secretary, Association of Resident Doctors, UMTH (2020 to date).

 His zeal and passion for academics was well known since his early days in the University because of his active participation in tutorials. His first research experience was in 2017, and that experience earned him membership of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society (NSRS) after presenting his first research work at one of their conferences in December 2017. 

The evolution of the Research Collaboration Network (RCN) under the aegis of Research and Statistic Committee (RSC) of the Nigerian Association of Resident Doctors (NARD) has catapulted his research experience and the number of publications. He has been an active collaborator of the RCN since her inception and presently a member of the RSC, with 15 publications in both local and international journals. He considers RCN a platform to achieve his career goals as a researcher, academician and clinician.  

His core research interest is in public health in general Otorhinolaryngology (ORL), Head and Neck Surgery, with a bias towards Paediatrics ORL, Head and Neck Surgery.

He is happily married and blessed with two kids. 

Dr MUMEEN OLAITAN SALIHU, Member, Research & Statistics Committee

Dr MUMEEN OLAITAN SALIHU MB; BS, MWACPsych., Associate Fellow NPMCN, Cert. Global Health Research

Mumeen Olaitan Salihu is a Senior Registrar in Psychiatry with the University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Nigeria. He is a member of the Research & Statistics Committee and a Collaborator at Research Collaboration Network (RCN) under the auspices of the Nigerian Association of Resident Doctors (NARD).

His research interests include General Adults Psychiatry, Workplace Mental Health, Addictions, and Biological psychiatry.

Due to his strong passion for evidence-based medical practices, he attended several courses and conferences on research, including the Global Health Research course organized by the Washington University, USA. This and many more have further equipped him with requisite knowledge of principles, ethics, research practices, and its applications in solving local challenges/problems.

Mumeen has equally held various leadership and administrative positions; notable of it was the President of the Association of Resident Doctors, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital Chapter (ARD-UITH) from 2018 to 2019, among others.

He is happily married with two lovely kids.

INSTITUTION

– Senior Registrar, Behavioural Sciences Department, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria from 2018 till present.

-Registrar, Behavioural Sciences Department, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria from 2016 to 2018.

AWARD

– Excellent Leadership Award by ARD-UITH2019.

Meeting RSC member: Dr Shehu Salihu Umar

Dr Shehu Salihu Umar,Secretary RSC

Dr Shehu Salihu Umar MBBS, MDRMDS MWACS, AfNPMCN, is a Senior Registrar with the Department of Radiotherapy and Oncology, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital Zaria. He is the Secretary of Research and Statistics Committee(RSC) of the Nigerian Association of Resident Doctors(NARD) and an active investigator in the CHARTING II study. He is the Editor of the book titled ‘Compendium of ARD ABUTH’ and a contributing author to the revised Standing Order for Community Health Extension Workers(CHEWS) and Junior Community Health Extension Workers(JCHEWS). He has eight publications to his credit. His research interests include radiation oncology, clinical oncology, medical education and public health.
10/03/2021

Research collaboration between Nigerian Association of Resident Doctors (NARD) and International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) Nigeria

We are pleased to announce to you the ongoing partnership between Research Collaboration of Network (RCN) of Nigerian Association of Resident Doctors (NARD) and International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) Nigeria on research titled ‘Evaluation of the Level of Implementation of Compulsory Treatment and Care of Victims of Gunshot Act 2017 within Healthcare Workers and the Nigerian Police Force’.

A memorandum of understanding has been signed to this effect, and the research is planned to span for four months, from February to May 2021. The RCN of NARD is expected to conduct the study while the ICRC Nigeria would provide logistic, technical and financial support throughout the research.

The Principal investigators are Dr Okhuaihesuyi Uyilawa, the NARD president who is passionate about impactful research with interest in trauma care and Dr Oladimeji Adebayo, the pioneer and current chairman of the Research and Statistic Committee(RSC), NARD, who is vastly experienced in areas of collaborative research.

The study involves recruitment from 6 states of the federation, one from each geopolitical zone. They include Oyo, Rivers, Abia, Kaduna, Plateau and Borno States. It is a mixed quantitative and qualitative study design involving healthcare workers and police officers with the theme around their awareness and knowledge of the Act; their level of implementation of the Act, and the challenges faced in implementing the Act.

The research findings would serve as an evaluation of the level of implementation of the Act and its challenges. This would help guide critical stakeholders on ways to improve the implementation and performance of the Act. Overall, we hope the research findings would help inspire better healthcare for victims of gunshot injuries.

Dr Shehu Salihu Umar,

Secretary, RSC, NARD

My Research Interest

by Evo Olori Esievoadje

After my Part 1 examinations, I was faced with the dilemma of getting a suitable topic for my Part 2 dissertation in both Colleges. Prior to this, I was preoccupied with passing Part 1, as were most of my contemporaries. Who cared about getting a research topic when I hadn’t passed the dreaded MCQs, MEQs, Essays and Clinical exams of Part 1? With all I had heard about the challenges and difficulties in post-graduate medical examinations, passing in one sitting was the only goal!

Then I finally passed! And it seemed like everywhere you turned, Consultants were asking for your proposal! Haba! Allow somebody rest! The frantic search started for a topic. Nobody was giving you topics to choose from. I longed for Part 1 with all the readily available materials to just read. The topics I came up with were rejected! Months passed with no reprieve.

Then I attended the Research Methodology Course of the National Postgraduate Medical College of Nigeria at Ijanikin. I went to the library there and was surrounded by an array of beautiful case books and dissertations (libraries have always been one of my favorite places). So many ideas popped up as I looked through them and made notes. I left Ijanikin feeling invigorated and ready to slay any dragon Part 2 threw at me.

I had chosen Universal Health Coverage as my main theme. It was appropriate as I was working in the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) clinic at my health facility and saw the advantages of health insurance. When I had to attend to patients without health insurance, the difference was glaring.

Universal Health Coverage is defined as ensuring that all people have access to needed health services (including prevention, promotion, treatment, rehabilitation and palliation) of sufficient quality to be effective while also ensuring the use of these services does not expose the user to financial hardship (World Health Organization).

Searching for literature on universal health coverage in Nigeria pointed out the wide gaps in knowledge that needed to be filled. These gaps made me push harder as I realized that only about 4% of the population in Nigeria had health insurance. The numbers were so dismal!

It is obvious a lot of work needs to be done in this field. On the surface, it seems like the answer to the health disparities in Nigeria. But how could it be adapted to the Nigerian situation? The National Health Insurance Scheme was only for federal civil servants. Private companies like banks used private health insurance companies for their workers. Some states have developed their version of the scheme for their civil servants. Even though the initial plan for the National Health Insurance Scheme included tertiary students, prisoners, community schemes, this has not been implemented. What scheme would enroll the children, artisans, traders and unemployed adults?

And even when these are all enrolled? Would health insurance be the panacea to all the maladies in our health system? Would it improve health promotion practices? Would acutely – ill patients present early enough at health facilities and not self-medicate? Would having health insurance improve adherence to medications for patients with chronic diseases? Or would they prefer to patronize other sources of healthcare in order to avoid the long wait times at the government hospitals where they are mostly registered? Would it improve patient satisfaction in hospitals? Would it improve the standards of the government and private hospitals? How would abuse of the scheme be prevented? Abuse by the users, the health facilities and the health management organizations. The questions are myriad.

More research is needed on universal health coverage in Nigeria and Africa. The call for universal health coverage needs to be backed up by scientific data showing its advantages. Its downsides need to be documented and not just remain anecdotal. It is an interesting aspect of Medicine that sucks you in and makes you want to ensure every Nigerian gets access to it. Hopefully, that would happen soon.

Dr. Evo Olori Esievoadje is a Senior Registrar in the Department of Family Medicine, Federal Medical Centre, Asaba, Delta State and an active member of Research Collaboration Network (RCN)

Blog Editor: Oladimeji Adebayo

Qualities of a good Early Career Doctor as a researcher

by Oyinkansola Agaja

Early career doctors are dynamic, and they form a large proportion of the health workforce in Nigeria.

Research and discovery are a significant component of a physician’s life, and this must be adapted among early career doctors. Introduction into research early has added advantages, and knowing what is required and what lies ahead would help to prepare one for the task ahead as one is being introduced to the exciting field of research.

Qualities in an excellent early-career doctor as a researcher would include

  1. An initial interest. Such interest is like a desire or willingness or eagerness to commence research. It springs from a willingness to discover or understand unanswered questions. This initial interest is the single most important quality needed for research.
  2. Motivation – this is what follows closely to having interest. It provides the reasoning behind the initial interest in research and helps in advancing the initial desire to go into research.
  3. Being inquisitive means being unduly curious, asking questions. It shows a thirst for additional knowledge. This is an essential attribute of a researcher, and this is what keeps you in the game of research.
  4. Commitment – Being committed to a research idea keeps the research in focus and ensures the researcher gets to the end of the experiment and even permits for further advancement of plans and even publications in journals.
  5. Sacrifice – This involves giving up time inventing it and efforts towards the success of the planned research. This act would result in progress and advancement in the research.
  6. Excellence – A good researcher must work towards being outstanding or extra good. Attaining excellence will require a lot of efforts. He must aspire to excel in every part of the research.
  7. Knowledge – Getting knowledge is the primary purpose of any research. The research depends on it and would lead to additional knowledge which will bring about advancement. It is the main foundation on which research stands
  8. Scholarly approach -After carrying out a research project, the research report would have to be presented at the meeting and submitted for publication. The researcher must prepare for such meetings and make the best of such meeting.
  9. Integration- He must be ready to be integrated into the research process and work with collaborators if need be to get the best results possible
  10. 10. Open to mentorship- A good researcher should be open to mentorship as an adage says, he who enquires about the way to go never misses his way.

I hope this has helped and can be worked on by early-career doctors who would want to go into research. The sky is just the starting point for a researcher; there is no limit to him who has the above qualities.

Dr Oyinkansola Agaja

Dr Oyinkansola Agaja is a Senior Registrar(Paediatric Cardiology) at the Department of Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan. She is an active member of the Research Collaboration Network of the Nigerian Association of Resident Doctors(NARD)

Blog Editor: Oladimeji Adebayo

My greatest research undertaking

by Damilola Ayowole

The human mind exists naturally in a state of constantly evolving curiosity about their inner self and their outer environment, and this attitude of curiosity births deep insights and inspirations that propels humans towards proffering solutions to the abounding and entangling challenges warring against our collective survival as humans.

The curiosity attribute of the ingenious minds remains perpetually insatiable, and for each step taken under the influence of the insatiable, transformational and liberating ideas become unleashed and made available for subsequent explorations.

My first step into the world of research was prompted by my innate attribute of amalgamated curiosity and problem-solving instinct. While it is true that I have done a few more studies after graduating from medical school in 2018, it’s quite amazing that the second research I did as a medical student remains my greatest research undertaking so far. I’m sure you are amazed and also curious about my stance in this regard!

I was in my final year when I saw an online publicity about a Scientific Conference that would have early career researchers present their research findings on the thematic area of “Adolescent and Youth Health“. The date of the Scientific Conference was less than two months from then, and I was in the Internal Medicine rotation. This busy department would hardly permit my involvement with any associate activity at that time.

But then, I suddenly got a strange courage that was deeply rooted in a book I read three years before then, with the title “Take the Risk” by Dr Ben Carson. So, I got encouraged to forge ahead with researching the subject of “Menstrual Hygiene Practices among Adolescents” despite the busy Internal Medicine posting rotation.

I approach Dr Jide Arije, a Public Health Physician and a Research Fellow at the Public Health Department, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife (who subsequently became my research mentor), explaining to him my proposed research concept on the above-stated subject, he gave me the maximum possible support, and I began the research processes.

What then is unique about this research so much more that I am rating it my greatest research undertaking? It is because: It was the second research I would be doing as a medical student; the target population were female adolescents in six private and public schools across the three senatorial districts in Osun State; a mixed research method was used, as I had to engage two female colleagues as research assistants to help to moderate the Focused Group Discussions in the selected schools; It was the first time I would be a Principal Investigator in a personal-funded research; I had to risk failing my End of Posting exams by absconding from my Internal Medicine posting at the expense of travelling to schools in places as far as Iwo, Osogbo and Ilesha in Osun State Nigeria to collect quantitative and qualitative data for my research, all towards the end of participating in a Scientific Conference.

Following the execution of this research project, my passion for research increased exponentially, my knowledge base on research methodology and ethics widened, and my prospect for a worthy career in Public Health and Preventive Medicine became clearer, more determined and decided. That research built the foundation upon which my aspirations in the field of research has kept growing and blossoming. Joining up with the Research Collaboration Network of the Nigerian Association of Resident Doctors as a house officer earlier this year took me some more steps towards becoming a high profiled and proficient researcher I so desire. I count it a great and rare privilege.

“Following the execution of this research project, my passion for research increased exponentially, my knowledge base on research methodology and ethics widened, and my prospect for a worthy career in Public Health and Preventive Medicine became clearer, more determined and decided.”

I, therefore, believe that the insatiability attribute of every curious early career researchers (of which I am one) remains the fuel in the furnace of their progress as they gradually rise in the rank of proficiency. Hence, the ‘greatest research undertaking’ by every progressive researcher can be described as a dynamic state of achievement rather than static attainment!

Dr Damilola Ayowole

Dr Damilola Ayowole is an active member of Research Collaboration Network of NARD